Android is a mobile opearting system initially developed by Android Inc. and was later bought by Google in 2005. The developers call it a “software stack for mobile devices that includes an OS, middleware and key applications”. The Android SDK rovides tools and APIs necessary to begin developing easily, and hence is a favourite among 3rd party apps developers.
Company / developer: Google Inc.
Programmed in: C (core),C++ (some third party libraries), Java
OS family: Embedded operating systems
Source model: Free and open source
First Release: Android 1.0 / October 2008
Latest Stable Release: Android 3.0 (Honeycomb) / December 2010
Marketing target: Smartphones
Supported platforms: ARM, MIPS, Power Architecture, x86
Kernel type: Monolithic (modified Linux kernel)
Default user interface: Graphical
License: Apache 2.0 (GPL v2)
Official website: android.com